Thursday, August 13, 2009

Causes Of Child Labour

Poverty is the main reason for child labour ,“Child labour” is often defined as work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development.It is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful to children.interferes with their schooling by: depriving them of the opportunity to attend school, obliging them to leave school prematurely or requiring them to attempt to combine school attendance with excessively long and heavy work. Whether or not particular forms of “work” can be called “child labour” depends on the child’s age, the type and hours of work performed,
the conditions under which the work is performed and the objectives pursued by individual. The answer varies from country to country, as well as among sectors within countries.

Forms of child labour:

Child labour exists in many forms. Sometimes it can be easilyobserved; sometimes it is hidden from your view. Here is a listof different forms of child labour that includes some of the most
widespread forms and some of the worst forms. However, this is not acomplete list of all existing forms.

Domestic work: Very common and sometimes seen as acceptable,it happens in the family home or outside the home. When domestic work is outside the home, children – almost always girls – work very long hours, have no chance to go to school and are isolated from their
family and friends.

Agricultural work: A lot of working children are found in agriculture.They often work on the family farm or with the whole family, as a unit, for an employer.

Work in industries: This work can be regular or casual, legal or illegal, as part of the family or by the child on his own for an employer. It includes carpet weaving, gemstone polishing, making garments,chemicals, glassware, fireworks, matches or a range of other products. These tasks expose the children to hazardous chemicals that can lead to poisoning, respiratory and skin diseases, radiant heat, fire and explosions, eyesight and hearing damage cuts, burns and
even death.

Work in mines and quarries: Child labour is used in smallscale mines in many countries. They work long hours without adequate protection and training. Child miners suffer from physical
strain,fatigue and disorders of the muscular and skeletal systems.

Slavery and forced labour: It is most commonly found in rural areas. It is also frequently linked to the oppression of ethnic minorities and indigenous peoples. Children are often also drawn into armed conflict, forced to be soldiers or to work for armed forces.

Prostitution and child trafficking: It is one of the worst forms of child labour. The dangers faced by children are extreme and range from moral corruption to sexually transmitted diseases to death.

Work in the informal economy: This includes a whole range of activities such as shoe cleaning, begging, pulling rickshaws, selling newspapers, or collecting rubbish. Some forms are very easily
observed while others are hidden from public view. Activities often take place on the streets but also include domestic work.

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